The thematic report no. 15 on Beaches and Dunes as part of the Quality Status Report 2009 (QSR 2009) provides an overview of the present status of the Wadden Sea salt marshes, based on the Trilateral Monitoring and Assessment Program (TMAP). The focus of this report is on aspects like management and protection, policy, mapping and geo-ecology.
From the QSR 2009, thematic report 15, Beaches and Dunes:
Beaches and dunes in the Wadden Sea area are almost exclusively situated on the North Sea side of the barrier islands. Generally speaking, the adjacent landforms of Wadden dunes have a more or less natural character. This applies not only to the bordering beach plains and foreshores but also to the areas adjacent to the inner dune fringes on the islands. These often consist of brackish grassland or high salt marshes transcending to lower salt marshes and (sub)littoral mud flats. However, small island villages are mostly located in the inner dune fringe as well. These are protected against flooding by the dunes on the North Sea side and by artificial dikes on the Wadden Sea side. On the Dutch islands, sometimes complete former salt marshes are included within these dikes. Water management in these “polders” may even be regulated by pumping stations and the salt marshes are transformed into productive grasslands. On the German and Danish islands, only relatively small parts of these salt marshes are diked and reclaimed and they are used in a more extensive way. [….read more]
Quality Status Report 2009: Thematic Report No. 15: Beaches and Dunes (Lammerts et al.)
Quality Status Report 2004: Chapter 9: Beaches and Dunes (Mulder et al.) & (Petersen et al.)